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Kentucky Agricultural Situation Report (AgSitRep):
Agricultural Situation Report: April 27, 2015
(USDA's Crop Report with comments from Tom Priddy & Matt Dixon, UK Ag. Weather)
Agricultural News: Kentucky experienced below normal temperatures and rainfall over
the past week. Precipitation for the week totaled 0.88 inches, 0.14 inches below
normal. Temperatures averaged 54 degrees for the week, 4 degrees below normal.
Topsoil moisture was rated 0 percent very short, 0 percent short, 47 percent adequate
and 53 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent
short, 55 percent adequate, and 44 percent surplus. Days suitable for fieldwork
averaged 2.0 out of a possible seven.
The Commonwealth cannot catch much of a break this spring season. For the first time
since the last week of March, Kentucky saw below normal rainfall. With that in mind,
the state did see subfreezing temperatures later in the work week and a round of
severe weather on Saturday. The work week started out with a couple cold fronts
passing through the area on Monday and Wednesday. Scattered showers and isolated
thunderstorms developed with each round, but didn’t amount to much in the way of
accumulations. The bigger story was the very cool temperatures that filtered into
the area Wednesday and Thursday nights, bringing with it the threat of frost and
subfreezing temperatures. Temperatures fell into the low to mid 30s Wednesday night
for some locations, but was outdone Thursday night as high pressure shifted overhead.
Clearing skies and a calm wind led to many locations across the eastern half of the
state dropping into the upper 20s to low 30s. This was roughly 20 degrees below
normal for late April. Attention then turned to severe weather as a warm front hung
up across the Commonwealth on Saturday. Storms fired later in the evening within a
warm and unstable air mass. Some storms produced very large hail (multiple reports at
2 inches +), damaging winds, and a few tornadoes were also surveyed: EF2 in Edmonson
County, EF1 in Adair, and EF0 in Henderson. Through the event, the state averaged
just under a half inch.
Wet conditions continued to prevent most field activities last week. Corn planting
was reported in some areas where conditions allowed. The state is in need of sunshine
and dry conditions, which this week’s forecast should deliver, bringing optimism that
corn planting will show significant progress. Seventy-nine percent of wheat is rated
as good to excellent. Winter wheat began heading in some locations last week. The
average height of winter wheat was 17 inches, compared to 13 inches last week.
Tobacco transplants in the greenhouse are in need of warm, sunny weather. Fifty-four
percent of tobacco transplants were under 2 inches, with 34 percent between 2-4
inches, and 12 percent over 4 inches.
Alfalfa Hay average height was 9 inches, compared to 7 inches last week. Hay and
roughage supplies were reported as 5 percent very short, 23 percent short, 65 percent
adequate, and 7 percent surplus. The peach crop is expected to be minimal this year
due to the poor bloom caused by cold conditions earlier this year. While apples were
affected by weather conditions as well, the impact is reportedly less severe. Apple
freeze damage was reported as 2 percent severe, 14 percent moderate, 37 percent
light, with 47 percent experiencing none. Peach freeze damage was reported as 30
percent severe, 21 percent moderate, 18 percent light, with 31 percent experiencing
Kentucky Climate Update.
This week in Kentucky's growing season
30-Day Percent of Normal Rainfall Map:(Updated daily - Based on PM Obs.)
Summary of Kentucky Mesonet & NWS Weather Stations for various time periods for entire state:(Updated daily - Based on PM Obs.)
Climate Summaries By Climate Disision:
Ag Weather Center, Department of Biosystems & Agricultural Engineering, University of Kentucky