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Kentucky Agricultural Situation Report (AgSitRep):
Kentucky Crop and Weather Report
Issued 4:00 P.M., April 16, 2018 07-18
Agricultural News: Kentucky experienced above normal temperatures and precipitation
over the past week. Precipitation for the week totaled 1.40 inches, 0.38 inches above
normal. Temperatures averaged 56 degrees for the week, 1 degree above normal. Topsoil
moisture was rated 50 percent adequate and 50 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture was
rated 55 percent adequate and 45 percent surplus. Days suitable for fieldwork
averaged 3.6 out of a possible seven.
High pressure kept the area dry through the workweek, but with a large swing in
temperatures. With the center of the high situated east of the state on Monday and
Tuesday, northerly flow kept temperatures well below normal. Lows dropped into the
upper 20s to middle 30s on Tuesday night, prompting Freeze Warnings and Frost
Advisories to be issued. As the high moved east of Kentucky on Wednesday, breezy
southwest flow led to an abrupt warm up across the area, eventually hitting the upper
70s to low 80s on Friday. While it did get warm, a combination of high winds, low
humidity, and dry fuels did lead to some fire weather concerns. Kentucky soils did
get a chance to dry out through Friday, but rounds of rainfall returned over the
weekend. A light and steady rainfall led to a soaking 1 to 2+ inches for
most of Kentucky. Overall, the state averaged 1.40 inches, which led to a fourth
straight week of above normal rainfall.
Primary activities for this week included seeding of tobacco transplants, corn
planting, and fertilizer application when weather permitted. There were a few days
conducive to field work, however cold temperatures and rain returned for the weekend.
Corn planting continues to lag behind 2016 and 2017 at this juncture of the season.
Seventy-two percent of tobacco transplants were under 4 inches, with 24 percent 2-4
inches, and 4 percent above 4 inches.
The majority of winter wheat and alfalfa were not subjected to freeze damage. Winter
wheat freeze damage was reported as 2 percent moderate, 20 percent light, and 78
percent experiencing none. The average height of winter wheat was 13 inches. Alfalfa
freeze damage was reported as 1 percent severe, 12 percent moderate, 33 percent
light, and 54 percent experiencing none. The average height of alfalfa was 7 inches.
The return of rain and cold temperatures is taking a toll on pastures and some producers
reported a shortage of hay.
Kentucky Climate Update.
This week in Kentucky's growing season
30-Day Percent of Normal Rainfall Map:(Updated daily - Based on PM Obs.)
Summary of Kentucky Mesonet & NWS Weather Stations for various time periods for entire state:(Updated daily - Based on PM Obs.)
Climate Summaries By Climate Disision:
Ag Weather Center, Department of Biosystems & Agricultural Engineering, University of Kentucky